The Korean peninsula has been divided into North and South for the past 60 years. In fact, only a ceasefire exists between the two sides. The history of the divided country is a series of invasions, occupations, oppression and massacres.
The northern part of the peninsula is ruled by a dictatorship. The international community accuses the state leadership of severe human rights violations. Since the 1970s, the southern part is one of the leading industrial nations. An iron will, hard work and striving to the top are decisive factors which have helped South Korea become an economic miracle and allowed the country to climb up the ladder to become one of the world's most important economic nations. Humans and nature are often ill prepared to face the pressure of an economic upswing. Church and civil society organisations have struggled for many years for nature, human rights and reunification.